Brazil. The green movement for the Amazon.

A Bishop fighting against the deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. A hospital ship named in honour of Pope Francis to reach the remote areas along the rivers Amazonas, Trobetas, Nhamundá, Tapajós where the indigenous people live.

Thousands of trees are cut down every minute during the day and transported to sawmills on big trucks at night. It is in the sawmills that illegal or ‘dirty’ wood with false certification gets mixed up with the legitimate industry. Europe and North America are the main purchasers of tropical timber, especially of IPE, fine wood among the most expensive in the world (1300 dollars per cubic meter).

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The data released  by the Brazilian Ministry of Development and Trade show that 72 per cent of the timber production is absorbed by Western markets, and sometimes purchasers are unaware of the illegal origin of the wood but some others know.
After 3 March 2013, it became a crime to place illegal timber on EU markets and all organisations affected by the regulation have to adopt practices to assure that the timber or timber products they trade and supply are legal. But some  corrupted Brazilian officials  get round the law  by providing false certification.

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In August 2015, more than 30 officials and 19 businessmen were arrested in Brazil after an investigation revealed the widespread use of fraudulently obtained official documentation to launder illegal timber. The timber exporters/owners Madeireira Iller were among the arrested, and were found to have been using fraudulently obtained documents to trade illegal timber. In defiance of their due diligence obligations under EU law, several importers in the EU bought Madeireira Iller timber in the course of the past year-and-a-half, at least one of them apparently without even obtaining the required documentation to demonstrate the legal origin of the timber.

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Since 2014, Greenpeace  has been denouncing  the destruction of the forest and, by placing  Gps trackers on illegal loggers, it was found that logging trucks drove deep into the public forest – land owned by the government, where no permission to log has been granted.

Damage to indigenous peoples and the environment

Bernardo Johannes Bahlmann is the Bishop of Òrbidos in northern Brazil, a diocese where deforestation is increasing dramatically. Illegal logging affects both the environment and the indigenous peoples, who are hired to  raze down kilometres of forest and get paid very little. “Many come here to exploit  the poor.

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Five hundred and sixty  indigenous groups live in this territory, they are  the real victims of those  who for economic interests, decide to  cut down trees without any concern for the environment and  the people living in the area”, Bishop Bahlmann denounces. He, along with other local organizations, is committed to support the population by the creation of  a ‘green movement’ in order to reforest the Amazon and change the economy and mentality.  “We do not want only to denounce abuses against the environment and the indigenous people, but we intend  to create better future opportunities”, says Bishop Bahlmann. “The  green movement  involves  other dioceses, Caritas,  Repam (the Pan-Amazon Ecclesial Network), non-governmental organizations, the local and State government, the judiciary. Denouncing is not enough. We must overcome  difficulties through dialogue”, adds the bishop.

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The Amazon forest provides one-fifth of the world’s fresh water and is one of the lungs of our planet, yet over the past six months, deforestation has dramatically increased, in order to make room for pastures and crops which are managed by Brazilian multinationals often controlled by the relatives of the politicians who rule the country. These links explain the silence of  many institutional representatives who are supposed to protect the Amazon and its peoples.
The threats of fazendeiros and grileiros should not be underestimated because big business is at stake. “Any of us who is committed to fight against the forest exploitation is at risk. Many have been threatened with death, even some nuns”,  admits Monsignor Bahlmann. “We try to build dialogue even with firms’ owners, but it is not enough, the whole system should be changed. Westerners have  their responsibilities too. Planting trees is not enough, the economic system and mentality must change too”.

The hospital ship

Meanwhile,  the project of a hospital ship is about to start. The hospital ship, which  will be named in honour of Pope Francis, will be operative in 2017. The project has been promoted by the Franciscan Friars in the Providence of God, who have already established 60 hospitals, clinics and health centres which are operative throughout Brazil and Haiti. The project will be funded from the compensation for  an environmental crime perpetrated by a major oil company.

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The trial was held in Sao Paulo and the judge  decided that compensation had to be intended for an ecological project, therefore the money will be used for the construction and maintenance of the hospital ship. “The hospital ship will travel along the rivers of the eastern Amazon, of our diocese and of other areas”, says the bishop. “We will be able to  help thousands of communities living in the small villages near the river, in collaboration with other hospitals. The hospital ship will be extremely useful because it will be able to reach otherwise unreachable areas”. (P.S.)


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